CarbonSat Constellation

“CarbonSat” is to measure global concentrations of the greenhouse gases CO2 and CH4. At this stage, there will be no global satellite-based system for measuring greenhouse gases between 2014 and 2020 as the currently operational SCIAMACHY/ENVISAT and GOSAT satellite missions will be decommissioned in 2014, while the follow-up GMES (Sentinel-5) mission is not scheduled to be launched until 2020.

However, this data is required by national and international authorities, weather services and researchers to answer crucial questions concerning the source of greenhouse gases and ways of lowering emissions as well as to monitor and evaluate present and future emissions of greenhouse gases.

The Institute of Environmental Physics at the University of Bremen (IUP) is overseeing a joint project comprising OHB-System, IUP, ZARM and DLR. In this project, OHB-System is responsible for the satellites and the platform, which are to be based on the current national EnMAP mission in the interests of maximum cost efficiency.

In addition to the scientific and political relevance of the data, system management along the entire chain (system configuration, sensory systems, satellite segment, calibration, operations, data evaluation and data interpretation) is being demonstrated on a leading global level, thus emphasizing German leadership in climate research and protection.